Finally –after a few weeks– Natan Slifkin decided to write about Chulin 59a on the issue of the shafan.
He published in his blogspot the letter he sent to Artscroll.
Following are some comments related to Natan Slifkin’s letter. (Emphasis by bold letters added by me in the whole document).
I will try to ignore ad hominem attacks and his psychoanalytical analysis of my personality.
1.1 NS wrote:
…It is disappointing to see that a certain note was added to the latest edition of the Artscroll Talmud. (As you may recall, 16 years ago you hired me as zoological consultant for Chullin.)
16 years ago, was 2003. The year when Artscroll hired you was 2003.
In 2005, about 30 Gedole Yisrael signed letters disqualifying your writings, so it’s understandable that Artscroll hired you in 2003, two years before the letters were published.
2.1 NS wrote:
…Dr. Betech is single-minded in his religious obsession that the shafan must not be the hyrax (because in order to contrive his own particular forced explanation of how the Torah's four animals with one kosher sign are the only such animals on the planet, he wants the shafan to be the rabbit).
This is not my own particular explanation, but a statement written in Chullin 59a and followed by all the Rishonim I have found, as amply documented in “The enigma of the Biblical shafan” book in chapter 8 entitled: “The exhaustive list of one-signed animals”.
3.1 NS wrote:
And amazingly, in a book that professes to be the definitive and comprehensive study of this topic with "more than 1000 bibliographical Torah and scientific sources," he fails to cite the only dedicated work on this topic that had ever been published - because it was written by me!
In the main collective letter signed by 23 Gedole Yisrael in 2005 they wrote that it is forbidden to propagate NS’s teachings, therefore I decided not to quote that book. Anyway we tried to address all the intellectual arguments presented by that author, usually being arguments that historically preceded him.
If someone thinks that we didn’t address any specific argument made in NS’s book, please point it out in the comments to this blogspot.
4.1 NS wrote:
But far more problematic is the description of Betech as attempting to defend the "traditional" view. The view that the shafan is the rabbit is not the "traditional" view; it's the medieval European view, because they didn't have hyraxes in
They broke from the original tradition of people from the Geonic era,
who lived in the region of ,
and were familiar with the hyrax. Israel
Regarding the identification of the Biblical shafan from the Geonic era, I only remember Rab Saadia Gaon who just wrote “wabr” without describing that species; as we explained in the book we doubt that he meant the hyrax, and even if he was referring to the hyrax, nevertheless Ibn Ezra in Bereshit 2:11 wrote that Rab Saadia Gaon didn’t have a kabala for the identification of the Biblical animals.
We also found that Ibn Janach -who lived less than a century later than Rab Saadia Gaon- translated shafan as wabr and wabr as conilio (rabbit), so the hyrax can hardly be called a Geonic era tradition.
5.1 NS wrote:
You can ask anyone in the field of Biblical natural history (such as Dr. Zohar Amar and Dr. Moshe Raanan), and they will all tell you that it's clear beyond any doubt that the shafan is the hyrax, and cannot possibly be the rabbit.
In science, appealing to authority is not acceptable (ad verecundiam fallacy).
Furthermore, as any scientist knows, in the field of natural history, experts do not write grandiose statements like “clear beyond any doubt”. The latter is the reason the title and subtitle of our book is “The enigma of the Biblical shafan. Torah and scientific research suggesting a solution”.
6.1 NS wrote:
…The reason is the very clear passuk in Barchi Nafshi
הָרִים הַגְּבֹהִים לַיְּעֵלִים סְלָעִים מַחְסֶה לַשְׁפַנִּים: תהילים קד:יח
"The high hills are for the ya'elim, the rocks are a refuge for the shefanim."
The pasuk tells us two things about shefanim: that they hide in rocks, and that they are associated with ya'elim…
Indeed the pasuk tells us that shefanim hide in rocks, as rabbits do.
Nevertheless, I’m not sure that the pasuk tells us that the shefanim are associated in the same habitat with yaelim, since an “atnach/etnachta” separates between the two elements of this pasuk.
For textual and pictorial evidence that common rabbits hide in rocks, please see the linked document (taken from the forthcoming 2nd expanded edition of our shafan book).
ShafanBook Betech Rabbit on rocky areas.pdf
7.1 NS wrote:
Instead, he claims, David HaMelech was speaking about the rabbit of
Spain - an animal that never lived anywhere
near the and was thus completely
unfamiliar to David HaMelech and to his audience, and which moreover does not
hide under rocks but rather in burrows! It's simply ludicrous. Land of Israel
In chapter 5 (b) of our book we wrote nine ways of refuting these arguments.
8.1 NS wrote:
(The hyrax also matches the description in Shemini of an animal that brings up food via its throat, which it does in small quantities, as I have observed and filmed on several occasions.
With the last statement, Natan Slifkin reminded me what he himself published on 17th March
13 in his website:
My video of my own hyrax engaged in what appeared to me to be merycism has been dismissed by some zoologists as showing a form of threat gesture instead.
And NS added in response to a question in the comments of the same blogspot the following:
Sure. I'm not committed to the hyrax engaging in merycism.
Nevertheless, I will very much enjoy if Natan Slifkin is able to present even one source from the professional scientific literature stating that the hyrax practices any kind of redigestion.
Otherwise, even the Biblical primary criteria of being maale gerah would not be met by the hyrax.
9.1 NS wrote:
And contrary to Betech's claim, the shafan is no more of a sheretz than is a rabbit - in fact, it is much larger, and more of a leaper.)
NS does not present any source from the classic Jewish literature that mentions the size of the animal as a requirement to be classified as a sheretz.
As explained in the linked document, the hyrax is a sheretz because it is a short-legged creature.
10.1 NS wrote:
I understand that you were probably placed under a lot of pressure -
Betech is experienced at manipulating Gedolei Torah to
write letters in support of his agenda, which he uses to bully people into
kowtowing to his demands. Indeed, a few years ago he launched a massive campaign
to prevent Rabbi Lord Jonathan Sacks from coming to . However, he was ultimately
unsuccessful, which shows that it is possible to stand up to that kind of
Indeed people who are interested in searching for the truth find it difficult to withstand the intellectual pressure that emanates from the sources presented and carefully studied.
Regarding Dr. Jonathan Sacks, here is not the place to detail who invited him, and why they invited him, nevertheless Dr. Jonathan Sacks was not ready to intellectually defend his ideological statements which oppose Judaism, similar to NS who refused 12 times when challenged some years ago (documented here).
Finally, any respectful question or comment signed with the real full name is welcomed.
Dr. Yizchak Betech